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Edward I of England 1239 - 1307

Edward I of England, also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots, reigned from 1272 to 1307 and left a significant mark on English history. His main accomplishments include administrative efficiency and legal reform, the development of the English Parliament, and his conflicts with Scotland. Edward I introduced statutes that strengthened the monarchy and improved governance, establishing a more centralized government. He called the Model Parliament in 1295, which included representatives from different social classes, a significant step towards representative government. Edward I's policies also contributed to the growth of the English economy, particularly in the wool trade. However, his campaigns against Scotland were marked by both victories and losses, including the Battle of Stirling Bridge. Edward I's legacy is also marred by the controversial expulsion of Jews from England in 1290. Overall, Edward I's reign was characterized by administrative reforms, parliamentary development, economic growth, and conflicts with Scotland, leaving a lasting impact on English history.